Human Nature – fit-rah

Man is fully responsible for his actions, in that Islam does not adhere to the concept of original sin. He has been created in the ‘most perfect of forms’ (sura 95 verse 4) and it is only later, when he veers from his inherent path to which he was called by God that he falls very low. As the Messenger of Allah has said, everyone has been created pure and that sins are first committed in adolescence. Another tradition by him, which is often told in this context, says that every child is born according to its natural disposition fitrah and it is the parents who bring him up to become a Jew, Christian or Magian.
This concept of fitrah, or human norm-, which in a way comes close to the concept of conscience, means that man has an inborn awareness of what is true and good, for the simple reason that he was born as a human being.
This conscience, though unclear with most of the people, has to be actuated by the light of revelation and the pattern of the Prophet who clearly represents the perfect norm for the whole of mankind.
The disbeliever, however, inhibits his fitrah through his deliberate denial. It is ultimately the source which would enable him to recognize the truth emanating from revelation. In order to excuse himself he would have to declare his innocence which only increases his responsibility
The ‘psychological implication of fitrah’, is that “although man is born in a state of fitrah, he also has the potential for wrong, (so) in order to actualise his fitrah, man needs to gain control over this potential for wrong within himself.”

 

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Sayings Of The Prophet(PBUH) relating to have a good health life

  • Allah did not create any illness without also creating the remedy, except death [old age]. Allah said that he who lives according to the Qur’an will have a long life.
  • The origin of every disease is cold. So eat when you desire and refrain when you desire.
  • The stomach is the home of disease and abstinence the head of every remedy. So make this your custom.
  • In the sight of Allah, the best food is a food shared by many.
  • To eat the morning meal alone is to eat with satan; to eat with one other person is to eat with a tyrant; to eat with two other persons is to eat with the prophets (peace be upon them all).
  • Allow your food to cool before eating, for in hot food there is no blessing.
  • When you eat, take your shoes off, for then indeed your feet have more rest. This is an excellent advice.
  • There is blessing in the middle of a dish. So commence from the side and not from the middle.*
  • There is blessing in three things: in the early morning meal, in bread and in soup.
  • Brush your teeth with a miswak [a wooden toothpick usually made from a twig of the pelu tree] after a meal and rinse out your mouth. For these two practices are a safeguard for the eyeteeth and the wisdom teeth.
  • Use miswak, for this practice comes from cleanliness, and cleanliness comes from faith, and faith takes its practitioner to heaven.
  • The dish pleads for mercy for the one who takes up the last morsel [i.e., do not be wasteful].
  • Eat together and then disperse, for a blessing resides in groups.
  • Less food, less sin.
  • To horde in these things is unlawful: wheat, barley, raisins, millet, fats, honey, cheese, walnuts, and olives.
  • Let no one drink while standing up, except one who is suffering from sciatica.
  • Eat your meal at dawn, for there is blessing in a meal at dawn.
  • Whoever is sick for seven days, thereby he expiates before Allah the sins of seventy years.
  • There is no pain like pain in the eye, and no worry like the worry of a debt.
  • When the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) came before a sick person, he used to say: “Get rid of evil delusions. Strength is with Allah the Almighty. Cure and be cured. There is no healing but Yours.”

Continue reading “Sayings Of The Prophet(PBUH) relating to have a good health life”

What I Extracted from It

My intention behind this piece of writing is to make those people enlighten who do not believe in the esoteric meaning of the holy verses of the Quran.  Let me start my writing with an example from the holy Quran that is the episode of Musa and Khizr . (sura Kahaf)

The episode began like this, on the direction of Almighty Allah, Musa along with Usha (companion) started his journey with food which was in form of a cooked fish to meet the Khizr who was blessed with the unique knowledge by Almighty Allah. The intention of the meeting was to make Musa familiar about the Knowledge which was unfamiliar to him. While travelling, Musa asked Usha to place the fried fish so that they elude their appetite but he replied Musa that the fish they cooked for food came into life and jumped into the sea and he forgot  to mention about the same. Musa, Oh! “That is the place where that person will meet us according to the direction of Almighty Allah” so they turned back reached that very place and the person (Khizr) was already waiting for him. They proceed the journey and the details of which is as under.

  • Once Khizr and Musa were to cross a river. They saw a boat tied at the bank of the river and sat in it. As the boatman rowed the boat across, Khizr started making holes in the bottom. That shocked and surprised Musa. He came out in alarm: What is God’s name are you doing? We shall be drowned.’ Khizr put his forefinger on his lips. It seemed a new boat and it was getting flooded after he had made holes, Khizr put stoppers in them. Soon they reached the other side safely
  • Moving ahead, Khizr saw the boy playing on the ground, Khizr wrung his neck to death. Musa screamed. What! You have put and innocent boy to death.’ But Khizr again warned him to be quiet.
  • Soon they came to a village. They knocked the door of a householder for food but instead of giving some food to them they humiliated them. They came across a dilapidated boundary wall of that house. Khizr stopped and started putting the bricks lying on the ground one a top of the other on the wall in to to repair it. Musa got puzzled he told him that he had put a young boy to death he was repairing and old wall. But since he had given his word to Khizr, he kept quiet.

Khizr then explained everything to Musa About making holes in the bottom of the boat, he said that the ruler was a tyrant and his men would certainly have taken his new boat away for his pleasure if they had not bored holes in it. He did not want the boatman to lose his livelihood.

Second, he has killed the boy because he was a bastard. Khizr was able to foresee that he would grow up into a heartless man who would torment innocent people. He “Now tell me, was my conduct right wrong.

What about the repairing of the old wall? Under the wall lies a buried treasure. He wants the villager, who are poor and needy, to discover it and become prosperous. This they will do when they plough the land. Finding the wall in their way, they will demolish it and discovery the treasure.

This is the one of the aspect to understand the episode but sufi add one more dimension to this episode that is its core essence. According to Sufis,

  • Almighty Allah could directly acquainted Musa about the secrets of those incidences but He enlighten Musa through 3rd person that is Khirz which clearly shows that one cannot attain the highest form of knowledge without guide but there are some exceptional cases where Allah directly revealed the knowledge to any one like Hazrat Khazir. There are many such examples in the history where we meet with some of the personalities who had no as such any teacher/guide but they enlighten the whole world with knowledge and became the torch bearers for humanity. The knowledge (Alim) that the person directly received from the Almighty Allah by way of institution or by any way. This is known is Khazri Alim in Sufi terminology.
  • Directing Musa to reach to the particular place in search of the person whom he was supposed to meet is the simple way to make Musa aware that nothing can be achieved without struggle.
  • Cooked fish that became alive at the particular place shows that where ever there is the existence of Wli (Friend Allah) death turns into life. Sufis metaphorically used fish as the heart of a person which regain its energy when he/she encountered with the friend of Allah/ Wali and ultimately he/she jumped into the ocean of knowledge same as the fish jumped into the ocean making a path that leads to

May I cite here one more example that is when Almighty Allah send a message to Prophet Mohammad(pbuh) in (sura Fata) stating that his success is very near and when the same was communicated to Sahaba (companions),they expressed their happiness, enjoyed but at the same time the eyes of Abdulla Bin Abbas filled with tears, there was a grief on his face the reasons was that he realised that one more hidden message  interwoven with these verses was that the time is imminent when prophet Mohammad(pbuh)  was going to separate from them physically. In fact, both the messages whether manifested or hidden are true. Do any one dare to ask a question to Abdulla Bin Abbas that why he comprehended the verses differently.

Conclusion:-

The Quran has been revealed to Mankind through Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) . There are two ways to understand its content one is its outward ( Zahari) meaning and the inward ( spiritual)  meaning. One who wants comprehend the true meaning of the this sacred book should accept both the ways but to remain only stick to one existence of meaning and underestimating the other one is total rudeness and nonsense.  Commentaries dealing with the ẓāhir of the text are called tafsīr (“commentary”), and hermeneutic and esoteric commentaries dealing with the bāṭin are called taʾwīl (“interpretation” or “explanation”), which involves taking the text back to its beginning. Esoteric commentators believe that the ultimate meaning of the Qurʾān is known only to Allah and his prophet Mohammad (pbuh)    or the persons whom Almighty Allah will bestow. So, one who claims that I understand the content of the Quran fully is fool.  Abdulla Bin Abbas was the first companion who wrote the interpretation of the Quran He extracted from it what he understood keeping in view the need of the time and intellectual capacity of that time. Now the question arises in mind if the genius companion like Abdulla Bin Abbas gave the interpretation therefore why there is need to write more and more tafsīr?  Actually there is no end meaning or end word so for the meaning of the Quran is concern. To say that the Quran is the ocean of knowledge and each drop of it is itself an ocean is too little to say about this holy book.

Haroon Rashid Bhat

Govt teacher zone Ganderbal Kashmir

Minamharoon123@gmail.com

A tragic Story

A tragic Story  

When we turn the pages of Indian history, we came across the darkest phase of it; that was the communal riots that occurred in 1947. The most effected one who suffered physically, psychological and emotionally due to that unrest was woman. According to Urvashi Butallia’s  “ an estimate of about 75 thousand women were probably abducted and raped by men professing religious other than their own during communal riots 1947. A large number of abducted women were recovered and sent back to their families but there were also cases where the families refused to own the “Tainted women” Besides there were cases of women who refused to go back to their families”.

                Let me share with you a pathetic story of the Sikh woman who was parted from her family during riots.  The sun was behind the clouds. There was hue and cry situation on the ground and death was dancing everywhere; people were moving here and there in search of a safe place. G. Kour was one of the victims of that ill-fated time; wandering all alone for the whole day in search of a place where she could hide herself. Daylight became her enemy and the only hope was the imminent night which could hide her from the eyes of enemies. When the night spreads its darkness all over, she took a sigh of relief. Fortunately, at dawn of the day a God fearing Muslim clergy from Pakistan was on a way to mosque to offer Morning Prayer (Fajir), he noticed the girl who was hiding in the ruined structure; horrified and trembling with fear; her eyes were red and lips dry. Despondency was evident from her face. At this time of grief and sorry, Muslim clergy proved a Christ for her. He not only safeguard her life but gave her a shelter. He became her custodian. He looked after her as his own daughter. Days passed, she was optimistic that her husband would find her out and they would unify once again but days turned into weeks and weeks into months and months into years, hope was fading with each passing day. One day, the clergy suggested her that she should marry with someone so that her Chasity should be safeguarded because he himself was leading towards the age where he himself would be dependent on others.  In the first instance, she refused but later accepted the hardest reality of the life, she made a grand compromise she not only married with a Muslim boy from Pakistan but also change her faith/Religion. Earlier she was a Sikh but now Muslim with new name. With heavy heart, she made her mind to bury her past willing or unwilling.  Days past, she gave birth to two kids namely Manzoor and Zeenat. The family was leading a happy life but that happiness could not sustain for a long. One day, policemen knocked the door enquired about the girl and asked her that on the strict direction of Govt of Pakistan she had to go back to her country that is India. This news really shocked her, she and her husband begged before the authorities and told them that she no longer was a Sikh girl now. They were enjoying married life and was the resident of Pakistan but the Govt officials turned down their request and she had no option but to left her family and join her earlier family in India.  How pathetic and painful!  She went back to India settle her life with her former husband in Ahmadabad India. After 12 years of gap one day, telephone rung, her elder son picked up the phone

Son:  Hello! Who are you? To whom you would like to talk?

 Manzoor: Is Gurmeet Kour there? Yes.

 Son: Ama, someone is calling to you

 Mother:      Who?

  1. Kour rushed and attended the phone call

Hello, Ami:  I am Manzoor Husain your son from Pakistan. How are you mother? Oh….. Tears rolled down from her cheeks and each drop of it reminded her the harsh past. When enquired how he got telephone number, he told his mother that for the last 12 years he used to visit Nankana Sahab  on the eve of  birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Sahab with her photograph and enquired from everyone from India whether they recognised that photo. Fortunately, one day a person from Ahmadabad from India recognised the photograph and told him that she happened to be our neighbour. In this they reunite but left with a lot of questions to answer.

  • Who was responsible for her sufferings?
  • What will be her religious status on Day of Judgment a Muslim or a Sikh?
  • Is the partition yield good or bad result?

(I heard this story on the Hindi News channel on August 2016 and try to write it in English with an intention so that maximum reader can read it.)

By H. R. Bhat

J&K,